ACK (ACKnowledgement)确认
ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line)非对称数字用户线
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)先进的加密标准
AF PHB (Assured Forwarding Per-Hop Behavior)确保转发每跳行为(也可记为AF)
AH (Authentication Header)鉴别首部
AIMD (Additive Increase Multiplicative Decrease)加法增大乘法减小
AN (Access Network)接入网
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)美国国家标准协会
AP (Access Point)接入点
AP (Application)应用程序
API (Application Programming Interface)应用编程接口
APNIC (Asia Pacific Network Information Center)亚太网络信息中心
ARIN (American Registry for Internet Numbers)美国互联网号码注册机构
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol)地址解析协议
ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency)美国国防部远景研究规划局(高级研究计划署)
ARQ (Automatic Repeat reQuest) 自动重传请求
AS (Autonomous System)自治系统
AS (Authentication Server)鉴别服务器
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)美国信息交换标准码
ASN (Autonomous System Number)自治系统号
ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One)抽象语法记法1
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)异步传递方式
ATU (Access Termination Unit)接入端接单元
ATU-C (Access Termination Unit Central Office)端局接入端接单元
ATU-R (Access Termination Unit Remote)远端接入端接单元
AVT WG (Audio/Video Transport Working Group)音频/视频运输工作组
AWT (Abstract Window Toolkit)抽象窗口工具箱
Bcc (Blind carbon copy)盲复写副本
BER (Bit Error Rate)误码率
BER (Basic Encoding Rule)基本编码规则
BGP (Border Gateway Protocol)边界网关协议
BOOTP (BOOTstrap Protocol)引导程序协议
BSA (Basic Service Area)基本服务区
BSC (Base Station Controller)基站控制器
BSS (Basic Service Set)基本服务集
BSSID) (Basic Service Set ID)基本服务集标识符
BT (BitTorrent)一种P2P应用程序
CA (Certification Authority)认证中心
CA (Collision Avoidance)碰撞避免
CATV (Community Antenna TV, CAble TV)有线电视
CBT (Core Based Tree)基于核心的转发树
Cc(Carbon copy)复写副本
CCIR (Consultative Committee, Interational Radio)国际无线电咨询委员会
CCITT (Consultative Committee, Interational Telegragh and Telephone)国际电报电话咨询委员会
CDM (Code Division Muiltiplexing)码分复用
CDMA (Code Division Multiplex Access)码分多址
CE (Consumer Electronics)消费电子设备
CFI (Canonical Format Indicator)规范格式指示符
CGI (Common Gateway Interface)通用网关接口
CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol)口令握手鉴别协议
CIDR (Classless InterDomain Routing)无分类域间路由选择
CNAME (Canonical NAME)规范名
CNNIC (China Network Information Center)中国互联网络信息中心
CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check)循环冗余检验
CS-ACELP (Conjugate-Structure Algebraic-Code-Excited Linear Prediction)共轭结构代数码激励线性预测
(声码器)
CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access Collision Detection,载波监听多点接入/冲突检测
CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access /Collision Avoidance),载波监听多点接入冲突避免

CSRC (Contributing SouRCe identifier)参与源标识符
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)层叠样式表
CTS (Clear To Send)允许发送
DACS (Digital Access and Cross-connect System)数字交接系
DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Project Agency)美国国防部远景规划局(高级研究署)
DCF (Distributed Coordination Function)分布协调功能
DDos (Distributed Denial of Service)分布式拒绝服务
DES (Data Encryption Standard)数据加密标准
DF (Don’t Fragment)不能分片
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)动态主机配置协议
DiffServ (Differentiated Services)区分服务
DIFS (Distributed Coordination Function FS)分布协调功能帧间间隔
DLCI (Data Link Connection Idntifiery数据链路连接标识符
DMT (Discrete Multi-Tone)离散多音(调制)
DNS (Domain Name System)域名系统
DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications)电缆数据服务接口规约
DoS (Denial of Service)拒绝服务
DS (Distribution System)分配系统
DS (Differentiated Services)区分服务(也写作DiffServ)
DSCP (Differentiated Services CodePoint)区分服务码点
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)数字用户线
DSLAM (DSL Access Multiplexer)数字用户线接入复用器
DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum)直接序列扩频
DVMRP (Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol)距离向量多播路由选择协议
DWDM (Dense WDM)密集波分复用
EBCDIC (Extended Binary-Coded Decimal Interchange Code)扩充的二/十进制交换码
EDFA (Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier)掺铒光纤放大器
EDGE (Enhanced Data rate for GSM Evolution)增强型数据速率GSM演进
EFM (Ethernet in the First Mile)第一英里的以太网
EF PHB (Expedited Forwarding Per-Hop Behavior)迅速转发每跳行为(也可记为EF)
EGP (External Gateway Protocol)外部网关协议
EIA (Electronic Industries Association)美国电子工业协会
EOT (End Of Transmission)传输结束
EPON (Ethernet PON)以太网无源光网络
ESMTP (Extended SMTP)扩充的简单邮件传送协议
ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload)封装安全有效载荷
ESS (Extended Service Set)扩展的服务集
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)欧洲电信标准协会
EUI (Extended Unique Identifier)扩展的唯一标识符
FC (Fiber Channel)光纤通道
FCS (Frame Check Sequence)帧检验序列
FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interface)光纤分布式数据接口
FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing)频分复用
FEC (Forwarding Equivalence Class)转发等价类
FFD (Full-Function Device)全功能设备
FHSS (Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum)跳频扩频
FIFO (First In First Out)先进先出
FQ (Fair Queuing)公平排队
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)文件传送协议
FTTB (Fiber To The Building)光纤到大楼
FTTC (Fiber To The Curb)光纤到路边
FTTD (Fiber To The Door)光纤到门户
FTTF (Fiber To The Floor)光纤到楼层
FTTH (Fiber To The Home)光纤到家
FTTN (Fiber To The Neighbor)光纤到邻区
FTTO (Fiber To The Office)光纤到办公室
FTTZ (Fiber To The Zone)光纤到小区
GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support Node)网关GPRS支持结点
GIF (Giraphics Interchange Format)图形交换格式
G/L (Global/Local)全球/本地管理(位)
GMSK (Gaussian filtered Minimum Shift Keying)高斯滤波最小移频键控
GPON (Gigabit PON)吉比特无源光网络
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)通用分组无线服务
GSM (Global System for Mobile)全球移动通信系统, GSM体制
HDLC (High-level Data Link Control)高级数据链路控制
HDSL (High speed DSL)高速数字用户线
HFC (Hybrid Fiber Coax)光纤同轴混合(网)
HIPPI (HIgh-Performance Parallel Interface)高性能并行接口
HLR (Home Location Register)归属位置寄存器
HR-DSSS (High Rate Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum)高速直接序列扩频
HSSG (High Speed Study Group)高速研究组
HTML (HyperText Markup Language)超文本标记语言
HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)超文本传送协议
IAB (Internet Architecture Board)互联网体系结构委员会
IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority)互联网赋号管理局
ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers)互联网名字和数字分配机构
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol)网际控制报文协议
IDEA (International Data Encryption Algorithm)国际数据加密算法
IDS (Intrusion Detection System)入侵检测系统
IE (nsiut of Blectricl and Electronic Engineering (美国)电气和电子工程师学会
IESG (Internet Engineering Steering Group)互联网工程指导小组
IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)互联网工程部
IFS (InterFrame Space)帧间间隔
I/G (Individual/Group)单个站/组地址(位)
IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol)网际组管理协议
IGP (Interior Gateway Protocol)内部网关协议
IKE (Internet Key Exchange)互联网密钥交换
IM (Instant Messaging) 即tt
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)网际报文存取协议
IND (Inverse-Neighbor-Discovery)反向邻站发现
IntServ (Integrated Services)综合服务
IP (Internet Protocol)网际协议
IPCP (IP Control Protocol) IP控制协议
IPng (IP Next Generation)下一代的IP
IPRA (Internet Policy Registration Authority)互联网政策登记管理机构
IPsec (IP security) IP安全协议
IPX (Internet Packet Exchange) Novell公司的一种连网协议
IR (Infra Red)红外技术
IRSG (Internet Research Steering Group)互联网研究指导小组
IRTF (Internet Research Task Force)互联网研究部
SAKMIP (Internet Secure Association and Key Management Mechanism)互联网安全关联和密钥管理协议
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)综合业务数字网
ISO (International Organization for Standardization)国际标准化组织
ISOC (Internet Society)互联网协会
ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical)工业、科学与医药(频段)
ISP (Internet Service Provider)互联网服务提供者
ITU (International Telecommunication Union)国际电信联盟
ITU-T (ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector)国际电信联盟电信标准化部门
JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group)联合图像专家组
JVM (Java Virtual Machine) Java虚拟机
KDC (Key Distribution Center)密钥分配中心
LACNIC (Latin American & Caribbean Network Internet Center)拉美与加勒比海网络信息中心
LAN (Local Area Network)局域网
LCP (Link Control Protocol)链路控制协议
LDP (Label Distribution Protocol)标记分配协议
LED (Light Emitting Diode)发光二极管
LMDS (Local Multipoint Distribution System)本地多点分配系纺
LLC (Logical Link Control)逻辑链路控制
Los (Line of Sight)视距
LPC (linear Prediction Coding)线性预测编码
LSP (Label Switched Path)标记交换路径
LSR (Label Switching Router)标记交换路由器
LTE (Long-Term Evolution)长期演
MAC (Medium Access Control)媒体接入控制
MAC (Message Authentication Code)报文鉴别码
MACA (Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance)具有碰撞避免的多点接入
MAGIC (Mobile multimedia, Anytime/any-where, Global mobility support, Integrated wireless and Customized personal service 移动多媒体、任何时间/地点、支持全球移动性、综合无线和定制的个人服务
MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)城域网
MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks)移动自组网络的工作组
MBONE (Multicast Backbone On the InterNEt)多播主干网
MCU (Multipoint Control Unit)多点控制单元
MD (Message Digest)报文摘要
MF (More Fragment)还有分片
MFTP (Multisource File Transfer Protocol)多源文件传输协议
MIB (Management Information Base)管理信息库
MIME (Multiurpose Internet Mail Extensions)通用互联网邮件扩充
MIMO(Multiple Input Multiple Output)多入多出
MIPS(Million Instructions Per Second)百万指令每秒
MLD(Multicast Listener Delivery)多播听众交付
MMUSIC (Multiparty MUltimedia Sesslon Control)多参与者多媒体会话控制
MOSPF(Multicast extensions to OSPF)开放最短通路优先的多播扩展
MP3(MPEG Audio layer-3)一种音频压缩标准
MPEG(Motion Picture Experts Group)活动图像专家组
MPLS(MultiProtocol Label Switching)多协议标记交换
MPPS(Million Packets Per Second)百万分组每秒
MRU (Maximum Receive Unit)最大接收单元
MSC(Mobile Switching Center)移动交换中心
MSL (Maximum Segment Lifetime)最长报文段寿命
MSRN(Mobile Station Roaming Number)移动站漫游号码
MSS (Maximum Segment Size)最长报文段
MTU (Maximum Transfer Unit)最大传送单元
NAP(Network Access Point)网络接入点
NAT(Network Address Translation)网络地址转换
NAV(Network Allocation Vector)网络分配向量
NCP(Network Control Protocol)网络控制协议
ND (Neighbor-Discovery)邻站发现
NFS (Network File System)网络文件系统
NGI(Next Generation Internet)下一代互联网
NGN(Next Generation Network)下一代电信网
NIC (Network Interface Card)网络接口卡、网卡
NLA(Next-Level Aggregation)下一级聚合
NLRI(Network Layer Reachability Information)网络层可达性信息
NOC(Network Operations Center)网络运行中心
NSAP (Network Service Access Point)网络层服务访问点
NSF(National Science Foundation)(美国)国家科学基金会
NVT(Network Virtual Terminal)网络虚拟终端
OC(Optical Carrier)光载波
ODN(Optical Distribution Network)光配线网
ODN(Optical Distribution Node)光分配结点
OFDM(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing)正交频分复用
OLT(Optical Line Terminal)光线路终端
ONU(Optical Network Unit)光网络单元
OSI/RM(Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model)开放系统互连基本参考模型
OSPF(Open Shortest Path First)开放最短通路优先
OUI(Organizationally Unique Identifier)机构唯一标识符
P2P(Peer-to-Peer)对等方式
PAN(Personal Area Network)个人区域网
PAP(Password Authentication Protocol)口令鉴别协议
PARC(Polo Alto Research Center)(美国施乐公司(XEROX)的)PARC研究中心
PAWS(Protect Against Wrapped Sequence numbers)防止序号绕回
PCA(Policy Certification Authority)政策认证中心
PCF(Point Coordination Function)点协调功能
PCM(Pulse Code Modulation)脉码调制
PCMCIA(Personal Computer Memory Card Interface Adapter)个人计算机存储器卡接口适配器
PDA (Personal Digital Assistant)个人数字助理
PDF(Portable Document Forment)轻便文档格式
PDU(Protocol Data Unit)协议数据单元
PEM(Privacy Enhanced Mail)互联网的正式邮件加密标准
PGP(Pretty Good Privacy)一种电子邮件加密技术
PHB(Per-Hop Behavior)每跳行为
PIFS(Point Coordination Function IFS)点协调功能帧间间隔
PIM-DM(Protocol Independent Multicast-Dense Mode)协议无关多播-密集方式
PIM-SM(Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode)协议无关多播-稀疏方式
PING(Packet InterNet Groper)分组网间探测,乒程序,ICMP的一种应用
PK(public key)公钥,公开密钥
PKI(Public Key Infrastructure)公钥基础结构
PLMN(Public Land Mobile Network)公共陆地移动网络
PON(Passive Optical Network)无源光网络
PoP(Point of Presence)汇接点
POP(Post Office Protocol)邮局协议
POTS(Plain Old Telephone Service)传统电话
PPP(Point-to-Point Protocol)点对点协议
PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet)以太网上的点对点协议
PS(POTS Splitter)电话分离器
PTE(Path Terminating Element)路径端接设备
QAM(Quadrature Amplitude Modulation)正交幅度调制
QoS(Quality of Service)服务质量
QPSK(Quarternary Phase Shift Keying 或 Quadrature Phase Shift Keying)正交相移键控
RA(Registration Authority)注册管理机构
RARP(Reverse Address Resolution Protocol)逆地址解析协议
RAS(Registration/Admission/Status)登记/接纳/状态
RED(Random Early Detection)随机早期检测
RED(Random Early Discard,Random Early Drop)随机早期丢弃
RESV(RESerVation)预留
RFC(Request For Comments)请求评论
RFD(Reduced-Function Device)精简功能设备
RG (Research Group)研究组
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) 路由信息协议
RIPE (法文表示的European IP Network)欧洲的IP网络
RPB (Reverse Path Broadcasting)反向路径广播
RR (Receiver Report)接收端报告(分组)
RSA (Rivest, Shamir and Adleman)用三个人名表示的一种公开密钥算法的名称,
RSVP (Resource reserVation Protocol)资源预留协议
RTCP (Real-time Transfer Control Protocol)实时传送控制协议
RTO (Retransmission Time-Out)超时重传时间
RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol)实时运输协议
RTS (Request To Send)请求发送
RTSP (Real-Time Streaming Protocol)实时流式协议
RTT (Round-Trip Time)往返时间
SA (Security Association)安全关联
SACK (Selective ACK)选择确认
SAD (Security Association Database)安全关联数据库
SAP (Service Access Point)服务访问点
SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol)流控制传输协议
SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) 同步数字系Я
SDP (Session Description Protocol)会话描述协议
SDSL (Single-line DSL) 1对的数字用户线
SDU (Service Data Unit)服务数据单元
SET (Secure Electronic Transaction)安全电子交易
SGSN (Serving GPRS Support Node) GPRS服务支持结点
SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm)安全散列算法
SIFS (Short IFS)短帧间间隔
SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) 用户身份识别卡
SIP (Session Initiation Protocol)会话发起协议
SK (Secret Key)秘钥
SKEME (Secure Key Exchange Mechanism)安全密钢交换机制
SLA (Service Level Agreement)服务等级协定
SMI (Structure of Management Information)管理信息结构
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) 简单邮件传送协
SNA (System Network Architecture) 系统网络体系结构
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)简单网络管理协议
SOH (Start Of Header)首部开始
SONET (Synchronous Optical Network)i步ЖR
SPD (Security Policy Database)安全策略数据库
SPI (Security Parameter Index)安全参数索引
SR (Sender Reporting)发送端报告(分组)
SRA (Seamless Rate Adaptation)无缝速率自适应技术
SSID (Service Set IDentifier)服务集标识
SSL (Secure Socket Layer)安全插口层,或安全套接层(协议)
SSRC (Synchronous SouRCe identifier)同步源标识符
STDM (Statistic TDM)统计时分复用
STM (Synchronous Transfer Module)同步传递模块
STP (Shielded Twisted Pair)屏蔽双绞线
STS (Synchronous Transport Signal)同步传送信号
TAG (TAG Switching)标记交换
TCB (Transmission Control Block)传输控制程序块
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)传输控制协议
TDM (Time Division Multiplexing)时分复用
TD-SCDMA (Time Division-Synchronous CDMA)时分同步的码分多址
TELNET (TELetype NETwork)电传机网络,一种互联网的应用程序
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)简单文件传送协议
TGS (Ticket-Granting Server)票据授予服务器
TIA (Telecommunications Industries Association)电信行业协会
TLA (Top-Level Aggregation)顶级聚合
TLD (Top Level Domain)顶级域名
TLI (Transport Layer Interface)运输层接口
TLS (Transport Layer Security)运输层安全协议
TLV (Type-Length-Value)类型-长度-值
TPDU (Transport Protocol Data Unit)运输协议数据单元
TSS (Telecommunication Standardization Sector)电信标准化部门
TTL (Time To Live)生存时间,或寿命
UA (User Agent)用户代理
UAC (User Agent Client)用户代理客户
UAS (User Agent Server)用户代理服务器
UDP (User Datagram Protocol)用户数据报协议
UIB (User Interface Box)用户接口盒
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)统一资源定位符
USIM (Universal Subscriber Identity Module)通用用户身份识别卡
UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair)无屏蔽双绞线
UwB (UItra-Wide Band)超宽带
VC (Virtual Circuit)虚电路
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier)虚通路标识符
VDSL (Very high speed DSL)甚高速数字用户线
VID (VLAN ID) VLAN标识符
VLAN (Virtual LAN)虚拟局域网
VLR (Visitor Location Registr) 访用户位置寄存器
VLSM (Variable Length Subnet Mask)变长子网掩码
VolP (Voice over IP)在IP上的话音
VON (Voice On the Net)在互联网上的话音
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier)虚通道标识R
VPN (Virtual Private Network)虚拟专用网
VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language)虚拟现实建模语言
VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal)甚小孔径地球站
WAN (Wide Area Network) 广域网
WCDMA (Wideband CDMA)宽带码分多址
WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)波分复用
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)有线等效保密
WFQ (Weighted Fair Queuing)加权公平排队
WG (Working Group)工作组
WGIG (Working Group on Internet Governance)互联网治理工作组
Wi-Fi (Wireless-Fidelity)无线保真度(无线局域网的同义词)
WiMAX (Worldwide interoperability for Microwave Access)全球微波接入的互操作性
WISP (Wireless Internet Service Provider)无线互联网服务提供者
WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network)无线局域网
WMAN (Wireless Metropolitan Area Network)无线城域网
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access)无线局域网受保护的接入
WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network)无线个人区域网
WSN (Wireless Sensor Network)无线传感器网络
www(World Wide Web)万维网
W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)万维网联盟
XHTML (Extensible HTML)可扩展超文本标记语言
XML (Extensible Markup Language)可扩展标记语言

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